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Manuscript of Mahari Bashiri with commentary for Midrash HaGadol—Yemen, 17th century.
Commentary in the margins and between the lines, commentary on words in spoken Arabic and Hebrew. Partially missing copy. More than 250 pages. Wear, not bound. 20x30cm. According to the testimony of the book owner, Rav Yosef Kapach testified to him that this copy is that of Ma’ari Yehi ben Avraham Bashiri. Accompanied by a certificate. Midrash HaGadol is a comprehensive text on the Torah, midrashim on Halacha and Aggadah authored by Rabbi David Ben Amram Adani from the city of Aden in Yemen, who apparently lived in the first half of the 14th century. The text is considered the crowning glory of the creation of Yemenite Jewry. The composition is a collection of midrashim that appear in the Talmud, in the books of the early midrashim and in the translations of the Bible, as well as the commentaries of the Geonim and the Rishonim (especially the Rambam), as well as the author's own parable. These are essays that have been lost in the meantime or that have survived in a fragmentary way, such as Mechilta, Zuta, Midrash Tanaim, and other ancient Midrashim that are not mentioned in the common midrashic literature. It is unique because it is not a comprehensive collection of everything, but rather the author organized it as entire sugiyot drawn from and constructed from a variety of sources. It is written only in Hebrew and it flows well. The Midrash HaGadol has been widely distributed in Yemen and dozens and perhaps hundreds of writings, and it has been widely accepted in the Middle East and the Middle East, The book "The Margalit", which was composed in 1580 and deals with a literal interpretation of the midrash, the book Segulat Yisrael by Rabbi Yisrael HaCohen of the 17th century, And philosophy, and the third interpretation is the glosses and comments of Rabbi Yahya in the poems of Shuli Midrash HaGadol copied, also from the 17th century. Born in the second half of the 16th century, he lived in a large settlement [20 km north of Sana'a], considered one of the greatest sages of Yemen in the 17th century and one of the most important and famous among Yemenite Jews. He copied dozens of texts and authored many books, including the commentary that appears in this manuscript. See: Encyclopaedia of the Yemenite Sages, p. 50.
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