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LOT: 177

Exciting historical item from the library of the Admor Imrei Emet of Gur: Autograph copy of the rabbi’s work on the Shulchan Aruch, the main section from “Ktav HaYad SheHitpatzel”. 1740s.

We are excited to present in our auction this important manuscript, which unites the interesting historical mystery of how this essay remains in manuscript to this day and how it was split up in various places and this section remained for many years until the Shoah in the library of Rosh Golat Ariel, Rabbeinu the Admor Rabbi Avraham Mordechai Alter the Imrei Emet of Gur. A thick tome (293 pages – 586 written sides) with the work Or LaYehudim on the Shulchan Aruch Orech Hayim, halachot of Eiruvin until Purim. With piskei denim organized simply, divided into bullet points, with notes and chiddushim called “Orim Gedolim” by the author, Rabbi Ori Feivish bar Aryeh Leib of Breslau. Autograph copy, written entirely in nice, organized handwriting, on high-quality paper, bound in blue cloth with an inscribed leather spine. In the center is a gold inscription in the shape of a seven-branched menorah—a symbol applied to books from the library of the Admor Imrei Emet of Gur. Sources: Dr. Binyamin Richler, who studied the manuscript, wrote a wonderful article titled “The Mystery of the Divided Manuscript” in which he describes the journeys of the manuscript. The manuscript is also mentioned in the book by Rav Moshe Hillel (Ohel Ram), on the library of the Imrei Emet, #8. With their generous help we acquired additional information about this manuscript. See more in the studies themselves. The work: this manuscript is the main section of the work, called in its entirety by the author “Mishpat HaUrim”. It is based on the language of the Shulchan Aruch and glosses of the Rama with additions, complements and exegeses, but the sivision of simanim is different from that in Shulchan Aruch. At the bottom of the page is a separate section called Urim Gedolim with marei makom and notes. Richler quotes the A”m Feiner (see below): The author “collected all of the laws explained by poskim, and the development of the halacha as defined by the later poskim.” The first part of the work (located in an unknown private collection and photocopied—appears on the Digital Library of the HebrewBooks website) has the author’s “introduction to the book” where he explains his method of editing the book and writes at the end “I called the book in its entirety Mishpat HaUrim because it … is the end and final psak of Uri, which is my name … and see that the first part includes the Orech Hayim which every Jew needs to read, because it is called Or Yehudim. The second section has the Yoreh De’ah, which is not for every soul but rather only for those who know the religion and law, and is therefore called Or Yedu’im. The third section has the Even HaEzer with laws of women, given dearly to their husbands, which is why it is called Or Yekarot, and the fourth section includes the Choshen Mishpat, with laws of money and damages, so it is called Or Yeshuot.” The mystery: Richler makes an interesting point regarding the mysterious division of the work and compares it to the fate of the Ba’al HaTanya on the Shulchan Aruch, most of which was destroyed in a fire (only about a third of it remains). These two works were written in the same year, and the Imrei Emet, in a note that he wrote on the back of the front binding, says: “Like the Shulchan Aruch HaRav of Liady …” Indeed a similar fate for this manuscript, which was spread to different areas. Despite the author having printed a number of works, this work seems to have been his most important, but was nevertheless never printed nor became widely famous. According to Richler: “The manuscript was split up only a few years after it entered the Beit Midrash library in Berlin. One section, Or Yeshuot, simanim 63-133 (131 pages) went to the library of the English scholar at Cambridge William Wright in 1914, and he donated it to the Trinity College library there…the Or Yeshuot, with simanim 241-331 (82 pages) was brought to Israel from the Rabbinical Beit Midrash of Berlin by Rabbi Azriel Hildesheimer…donated to the Rambam Library in Tel Aviv. An additional facsimile copy is located online (Hebrewbooks #82), Or Yehudim on the Orech Hayyim (until page 317). The main section of Or Yehudim, simanim 246-440, is in this manuscript before us, until now in a private collection. Link to Dr. Binyamin Richler’s article: https://safranim.com/%d7%92%d7%9c%d7%99%d7%95%d7%9f-%d7%9b%d7%94-2/%d7%92-%d7%aa%d7%a2%d7%9c%d7%95%d7%9e%d7%aa-%d7%9b %d7%aa%d7%91-%d7%99%d7%93-%d7%a9%d7%94%d7%aa%d7%a4 %d7%a6%d7%9c/
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