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LOT: 217

Leopold Gottlieb (1879-1934), oil on canvas. Portrait of a woman. Signed and framed.

58.5x34cm. Gottlieb was born into a traditional Jewish family in the town of Drohobych, Galciia. He was born around 5 years after his brother, Maurycy Gottlieb, another painter, died. His parents encouraged him to study art. He studied in Krakow between 1896-1902, and in 1903 he moved to Munich to continue studying. He was influenced by Impressionism, and moved to Paris to study it. He connected to a group of Jewish painters who lived there, “the Paris School,” among them Modigliani. In 1905 he presented in the Autumn Salon in Paris portraits showing his personal approach to Cubism. Then he continued to present his paintings at national galleries in Berlin, Vienna, Munich, and Paris. In 1905 he stayed a short time in Jerusalem, at Betzalel, and then returned to Paris. He returned to Israel and stayed from 1910-1913, when he studied at Betazlel. Between 1914-1916 he was a combat soldier in the Polish Legion under Pilsudski. At that time he sketched around 1,000 war pictures, describing those who fought alongside him and scenes of war. They were later published as “The Legions’ Portfolio,” and exhibited at a number of exhibits in Europe. In 1933, when the Nazis took control in Germany, around a year before his death, his paintings began to take on a more tragic aspect. Gottlieb died in Paris on April 22, 1934. The artistic path of Leopold Gottlieb reflects in fact the great changes that took place in the artistic world of Eastern Europe over decades. This is after he quickly learned the currents of art in his generation. His style is characterized by portraits of women with grace and nobility, classic drawings avoiding unnecessary details, bright and delicate colors in gouache paintings, severe color savings, and etchings considered masterpieces of art. Gottlieb's paintings and drawings are exhibited in many museums around the world, and some of them are also exhibited in museums in Israel. | Defects, scratches, generally good condition.
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